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ANTH 451: Field School in North American Archaeology
May 11 – June 16, 2022 (Summer Session 1)


Required Readings and Videos

(1) May 11–13

Ward, H. Trawick, and R. P. Stephen Davis, Jr. (1999). Time Before History: The Archaeology of North Carolina. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

*Read Chapters 1, 4, and 7. These readings provide a brief history of North Carolina archaeology and broader contextual information about Native American lifeways in the North Carolina Piedmont during the Woodland and Contact periods.

Chapter 1. Introduction (pages 1–26)
Chapter 4. The Woodland Period in the Piedmont (pages 76–137)
Chapter 7. The Contact Period: Tribes, Traders, and Turmoil (pages 229–276)

North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs (2008). North Carolina’s First Peoples. Department of Administration, Raleigh, NC.

This short pamphlet highlights North Carolina’s eight state-recognized contemporary American Indian tribes: Coharie, Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians, Haliwa-Saponi, Lumbee, Meherrin, Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation, Sappony. and Waccamaw Siouan.

(2) May 16–20

Davis, R. P. Stephen, Jr. (2001). John Lawson and the Native Peoples of Carolina. Paper presented at Lawson’s Legacy: Nature Writing and North Carolina, 1701–2001.

This paper provides Native context for John Lawson’s travel through the Carolinas.

(3) May 23–27

Lawson, John (1709). A New Voyage to Carolina. [s.n.], London, England.

**Read pages 169–238, “An Account of the Indians of North-Carolina.” John Lawson was an English surveyor, naturalist, and writer who traveled throughout the Carolinas during the early eighteenth century. He recorded incredibly detailed accounts about the people he encountered (including their customs and lifeways), landscapes he traversed, and animals and plants he observed or learned about from Native peoples.

(4) May 30–June 3

Davis, Jr., R.P. Stephen (2009). The Hillsborough Archaeological District. In Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia, Volume I, Northeast and Southeast, edited by Francis P. McManamon, pp. 333–338. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.

Wall site | Ancient North Carolinians

Fredricks site | Ancient North Carolinians

(5) June 6–10

Our People: Occaneechi Band of Saponi Nation
Lignum Crucis Productions | Aug 20, 2015 | 

About the Catawba Nation
SouthCarolinaETV | Jul 24, 2019 |

Catawba Pottery Tradition Withstands the Test of Time
SouthCarolinaETV | Jul 24, 2017 |


Additional Resources

Talk by Dr. Steve Davis | Native American Archaeology at Hillsborough (May 13, 2022)

Map with grid of New Hope Creek study area at Duke Forest (Area 1)

3D model of Units 639-640R962 in Area 1 at Duke Forest

3D model of Units 646-647R954 in Area 1 at Duke Forest

3D model of Units 649-650R962 in Area 1 at Duke Forest

Map with grid of Eno River study area at Ayr Mount

3D model of Unit 039R536 at Ayr Mount

3D model of Unit 051R524 at Ayr Mount